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Basilica de Guadalupe Mexico DF
Basilica of Our Lady San Juan de los Lagos
Judas Tadeo
Imagen del niño de Atocha
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The Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe


The Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe is the most visited Marian complex world, second only to St. Peter's Basilica. Some 20 million pilgrims visit the shrine, about half in the days around December 12.

According to Mexican tradition, the Virgin Mary appeared 4 times to San Juan Diego on the hill of Tepeyac, where he asked to go in search of Bishop Juan de Zumarraga and tell him that she called for the creation of a temple there. After fourth apparition, Our Lady told Juan Diego to appear before the bishop in his cape carrying a rose, was exposed to deploy the image of the Virgin Mary, dark and with mixed features.

The image is a wonderful cultural synthesis, a masterpiece that presented the new faith in a way that could be understood and accepted by the Mexican Indians. This box-codex has a complicated symbolism, every detail of color and form carries a theological message. The painting, which is preserved in the modern Basilica of Tepeyac measures approximately 66 x 41 inches and the image of the Virgin occupies about 56 inches of it. In the circular form Basilica, you can see the image of the Virgin of Guadalupe from any interior point; but if desired, there is a walkway below the altar with conveyors that allows better visibility.


Basilica of Our Lady of San Juan de los Lagos


The Basilica of Our Lady of San Juan de los Lagos Cathedral is a Roman Catholic church located in the city of San Juan de los Lagos, in the state of Jalisco, Mexico. The basilica ranks second in the number of visitors in the country after the Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe.

The shape of the floor of the building, is a Latin cross, has vaulted Gothic moldings, the Way of the Cross is framed in silver and its camerín has a painting attributed to Rubens.

The first sanctuary was built by Diego de Camarena in 1642, this was called the Chapel of the First Miracle. Later, in 1682, he completed the preparation of the second sanctuary, which is now the parish of San Juan Bautista. In the period 1732-1769, Carlos de Cervantes who was the bishop of Guadalajara, was responsible for the construction of the current basilica. This not attained the rank of cathedral until 1972, through the Apostolic Constitution of Pope Paul VI. The worship of this church is based on the image donated to the city, the Franciscan friar Miguel de Bologna in 1542. This image, many people considered miraculous since the time of the colonial era and the celebration is annually February 2 and August 15.

The small image of Our Lady of San Juan measures 33.5 centimeters and weighs 321.9 grams. It is made of corn cane paste by craftsmen from the region of Patzcuaro, Michoacan. It is representing the Immaculate Conception, standing with his hands to his chest and his face tilted slightly forward. He took his feet the points of a crescent, which was withdrawn later. She is dressed in the same size pasta with red dress and starry blue cloak, adorned with a thin gold border. His face is oval ivory color and pink blush on her cheeks; slanted eyes painted a nutty brown color; straight nose; closed, very small and well-shaped mouth; thin and well-delineated eyebrows. Her hair is spread into two strands that fall wave-shaped shoulders to the elbows. His head is larger in proportion to body size, perhaps, with this detail, the sculptor tried to represent the purity of Mary like a little girl. The temple always receives pilgrimages of the faithful, and it is surprising how many devotees and expressions of faith that will yield the devout, however the beauty of the shrine that houses the Virgin, which has become the main promoter of tourism in the region . Because of its manufacture, the time of her devotion goes back, and authorship of the image, is considered sister Jalisco other images of the Virgin of Zapopan and Virgin of Talpa.


Image of San Judas Tadeo in Temple of San Hipolito


Jude was as texts "Gospels" and "Acts", one of the disciples of Jesus of Nazareth, who was part of the group of "the twelve" apostles. He is mentioned in the Gospels as Jesus' brother. All references, the name "Judas" is accompanied by a specification, perhaps out of concern for writers distinguish Jude from Judas Iscariot, the apostle who betrayed Jesus credited.

In Mexico DF devotion is widespread in the poorest population strata of society. The temple of San Hipolito, patron of the city from New Spain era was changed in invocation to San Judas Tadeo, where they go every month every day 28 to venerate the faithful, with emphasis on October 28, the day that parties do public in his honor. It has the usual going first to his temple and give away gifts to the hundreds of attendees who fill the temple located at the corner of Avenida Hidalgo and Reforma Avenue. It often leads to the temple of the holy images from the home faithful, showing it publicly.

About St. Jude has developed an important devotion. Whether by terminally ill or relatives of these patients, the temple where he is worshiped is already small for the faithful. The temple is not under his patronage, but was dedicated to St. Hippolytus, who was the first patron of the city of Mexico. Today, out of the relief of the facade where it is represented, the temple does not keep one in his own image, as has been forgotten by the growing devotion to St. Jude.


Image of the Holy Child of Atocha in Fresnillo Zacatecas Church


Plateros in Fresnillo, Zacatecas, has an important sanctuary for Mexican devotion, just behind the Basilica of Guadalupe in Mexico City, and the church of San Juan de los Lagos, Jalisco. There come every year to 1.5 million pilgrims. The Sanctuary of the "Blue Boy" also is visited by hundreds of people from all over the country, especially in central and northern daily; and from the southwestern United States.

The church shows an exquisite Baroque architecture, with door carved in pink stone, typical of the region by nearby mines of this valuable material. Portrayed as a small Spanish pilgrim, the image of the baby Jesus, known as the Holy Child of Atocha, wearing a long dress with a layer having a wide lace collar and ruffled cuffs. In his cloak is the traditional image of a pilgrim, a cockleshell, and he holds a small basket with his left hand and a jar of water is supported by a walking stick in his right hand. The small holy child wears sandals buckled -huaraches- silver buckles, and a large, floppy hat with a feather. Although it is known as a pilgrim, generally shown sitting on a small chair.

The miracles described are in favor of prisoners and those who are trapped in an unjust legal system, miners, immigrants, victims of crime and poor economic and labor conditions, and in favor of those who are seriously ill. He was named the patron of the Homeless or "abandoned".


Pilgrimage Tours

  1. Great Pilgrimage to Mexico (10 Days/9 Nights).
  2. Divine Apparitions (6 Days/5 Nights).
  3. Basilica of Guadalupe, Pyramids and Coyoacan (4 Days / 3 Nights).

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